December 8, 2000
A Prototype Southern Border Facility To Expedite NAFTA Trucks Entering The United States
Paper Number: 01-0406
This paper is based on a Texas Senate Bill initiative to examine the possibility of expediting current port of entry processing of commercial vehicles entering the U.S. from Mexico. The paper describes the basic prototype plan and operational concept proposed for northbound commercial border inspection stations with automated processing. The prototype would use the International Trade Data System (ITDS) currently under development by the U.S. federal inspection agencies. This database would use Intelligent Transportation Technologies to link ITDS and the inspection process. This combination of a consolidated electronic database and appropriate Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technologies can significantly reduce border crossing delays by most commercial vehicles without compromising the processes required by the federal and state agencies responsible for interdiction and law enforcement. The prototype also includes a state vehicle safety inspection facility that the State of Texas has committed to operate to implement state and federal safety inspection requirements. The paper suggests the desirability of bi-national links to improve system efficiency, and provides a basis for more effectively accommodating growth in traffic and the adoption of new technologies to improve agency performance.
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